JOHN HOPE FRANKLIN

(Biography as published in Commencement Program, 5/94)

John Hope Franklin is a renowned educator, historian and author who is the James B. Duke Professor of History Emeritus at Duke University.

Dr. Franklin is a native of Oklahoma and a graduate of Fisk University. He received a master of arts degree and a doctoral degree in history from Harvard University.

From 1985 to 1992, Franklin was professor of legal history in the Duke University School of Law. Prior to that time he served as professor of history at several universities, including St. Augustine’s College, North Carolina College at Durham (now N. C. Central University), Howard University and Brooklyn College.

He was chairman of the History Department at the University of Chicago (1967-1970) and was named John Matthew Manly Distinguished Service Professor (1969-1982). Dr. Franklin also has served as professor at Cambridge University, England, and as visiting professor at Australian and New Zealand universities, Harvard University, the University of Wisconsin, Cornell University, the University of California at Berkeley and the University of Hawaii.

He has written a number of books including “The Emancipation Proclamation,” “The Militant South,” “The Free Negro in North Carolina,” “Reconstruction After the Civil War,” and “A Southern Odyssey: Travelers in the Antebellum North.”

Perhaps his best known books is “From Slavery to Freedom: A History of Negro Americans.”

His most recent book is a collection of essays covering a teaching and writing career of 50 years. “Race and History: Selected Essays, 1938-1988" was published early in 1990.

Dr. Franklin has served on many national commissions and delegations, including the National Council on the Humanities, from which he resigned in 1979 when he was appointed to the Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy. He also served on the President’s Advisory Commission on Ambassadorial Appointments.

He received the Council for the Jefferson Medal for 1984 presented by the Council for the Advancement and Support of Education, and was the first recipient of the Cleanth Brooks Medal by the Fellowship of Southern Writers in 1989. In 1990 he received the Encyclopedia Brittannica Gold Medal for the Dissemination of Knowledge.